Healthy gums are an unavoidable requirement if you would like to have healthy teeth. The number one cause of tooth loss is gum disease that could have been prevented if proper oral hygiene had been practiced and the gum disease found before the situation became serious. Healthy gums should not be red and inflamed and should not be sore to the touch or bleed when you brush your teeth or floss. Keeping your gums healthy or reversing any minor damage is not difficult to do if you use proper gum care.
The first step in proper gum care is the same as keeping any other part of your mouth healthy and happy. If you do not already have a regular oral hygiene regimen then you should start one and follow it every day. The brushing of your teeth should take place at least twice a day with a good quality toothpaste that has received the ADA seal of approval. Brushing should also include the roof of your mouth and your tongue and you should be using a toothbrush with soft bristles to prevent causing any irritation. A careful flossing of the teeth should take place at least once a day, preferably at each brushing. Take care not to floss so aggressively that you irritate the gum tissue and cause bleeding. Follow this up with a good quality mouthwash to help rinse away all that you have loosened with flossing and brushing. Pink gums that do not bleed and fresh breath are signs of good gum care.
Good gum care also involves making sure that you are eating a healthy diet. The first part of this is to make sure that your diet contains plenty of Vitamin C. Gingivitis can result from not getting enough Vitamin C in your diet as can a weakening of the enamel on your teeth making it easier for cavities to start. You should avoid drinks and foods that are high in sugar as sugar is the primary food source for the bacteria in your mouth that result in plaque and tartar, both of which are prime causes of gum disease. If you cannot avoid things such as candy, fruit juices, and soft drinks then you must be vigilant in brushing immediately after consuming them so that the sugar does not remain in your mouth.
Good gum care involves making and keeping regular appointments with your dental care professional as well. You should schedule cleanings at least twice a year to remove any plaque and tartar build up that may occur. A thorough exam should also be had on at least a yearly basis so that your dentist can explore any changes in your teeth or gums that may be the early signs of something more severe. If a problem is caught early on it can usually be corrected quite easily without the need for expensive or painful treatment that may be required later if you ignore the problem. If you are experiencing any irritation or bleeding from your gums or you are experiencing bad breath that just won’t go away, your dentist will be able to suggest ways to get your gum care back on the right track.