Effects of taking medications for different diseases that cause xerostomia
By Dr. H. Kopel
We all need saliva to moisten and cleanse our mouths and digest food. Saliva also prevents infection by controlling bacteria and fungi in the mouth. If saliva flow is reduced or non existent then a condition called xerostomia results. Xerostomia or dry mouth may be caused by medications.
Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and nonprescription drugs, including drugs used to treat depression, anxiety, pain, allergies, colds (antihistamines and decongestants), obesity, acne, epilepsy, hypertension (diuretics), diarrhea, nausea, psychotic disorders, urinary incontinence, asthma. Xerostomia can also result from certain muscle relaxants and sedatives.
When prescription medications are suspected of causing dry mouth symptoms the patient should return to their medical doctor for substitute medications or adjustment of dosage to current medication.
Here is a list of the top 15 prescribed drugs that are associated with xerostomia:
1. Hydrocodone and Acetaminaphen, narcotic
2. Lisinopril (Prinivil /Zestril), antihypertensive
3. Simvastin (Zocor), antiperlipidemic
4. Amlodipine (Norvasc), antihypertensive
5. Alprazolam (Xanax), anti-anxiety
6. Hydrochlorothiazide, diuretic
7. Omeprazole (Prilosec), anti-ulcer agent
8. Lipitor, antihyperlipidemic
9. Furosemide (Lasix), diuretic
10. Metoprolol (Lopressor), antihypertensive
11. Sertaline (Zoloft), antidepressant
12. Metoprolol (Toprol), antihypertensive
13. Zolpidem (Ambien), seadtive/hypnotic
14. Oxycodone and Acetaminophen, narcotic
15. Citalopram (Celexa), antidepressant
Question by Sergio: How to become a Tooth designer/Dental Technician Basically….in Houston Texas or surrounding areas.?
Currently have RDA Registered Dental Assistant License, Over 1 year experience working in dental field from : (General Dentistry, Family Dentistry, Orthodontics, Dental Assisting College background. I like working chairside with Dentist working in the lab, but would like to actually design teeth on computers or in a laboratory. I tend to do great in the dental office laboratory and would like to get a job working where your not always working with the dental patients. I was thinking working in the front office, which seems really intriguing. But then again there’s customers to attend all day there too. I’d like to gain experience as a Dental Technician, I have a friend who designs teeth also but im trying to get in these field doing it on my own without asking for help except on here yahoo answers is very helpful.
Answer by Hawkeyesrule
Dental labs often train their technicians themselves. There are about 30 dental lab tech programs at various colleges throughout the country–you could see which is the closest to you.
Add your own answer in the comments!
Question by lettersnumberadd: What is the general cost of dental implants to replace upper dentures?
Answer by Josi
There are different types of dental implants. On type is individual tooth replacement. This costs approx. $ 2,000/tooth.
I think the implants you’re referring to are when you have your dentures “implanted”.
These implants are generally used on patients with severely resorbed ridges and only when no other options exist.
In my area it costs approx. $ 4,000 to $ 6,000 per denture.
Add your own answer in the comments!
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Question by KAY: Health education (Preventing Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, and Cancer)?
Question 21 Multiple Choice 2 points
A TIA is a milder form of
heart valve disorder.
Question 22 Multiple Choice 2 points
It is important for Ariana to take all her prescribed antibiotics for strep throat so that it doesn’t lead to
congestive heart failure.
rheumatic heart disease.
Question 23 Multiple Choice 2 points
Sean was injected with a radioactive substance to see how blood flowed through his arteries during this test.
Exercise thallium test
Question 24 Multiple Choice 2 points
All of the following are considered heart-healthy foods except
Question 25 Multiple Choice 2 points
What is the association between dental health and cardiovascular disease?
Individuals who have poor dental habits are less likely to take measures to prevent cardiovascular disease.
The more cavities a person has, the higher the risk for heart disease.
Pathogens involved in gum disease can cause inflammation, which may contribute to atherosclerosis.
Infections in the teeth can cause rheumatic fever, which may lead to rheumatic heart disease.
Question 26 Multiple Choice 2 points
All of the following behaviors can reduce a person’s risk for cardiovascular disease except
limiting alcohol intake.
keeping LDL cholesterol levels high.
Question 27 Multiple Choice 2 points
All of the following are inherent links to CVD except
being Asian American.
being over 65.
having a parent with CVD.
Question 28 Multiple Choice 2 points
Which hormone appears to have a protective effect against heart disease?
Question 29 Multiple Choice 2 points
Which of the following ethnicities is at greatest risk of dying from cancer?
Question 30 Multiple Choice 2 points
The challenges our bodies face in defending cells against mutations include all the following except
Some are more severe than the body can fix.
The frequency of the encounter with the carcinogen can overwhelm the body’s defenses.
The body’s defenses become inactive in response to the carcinogen.
In some people other features of their DNA diminish their body’s ability to protect and repair cells.
Answer by Martha Zimmer
I hate to do someone else’s homework, but here are some answers:
21 – stroke
22 – rheumatic heart disease
23 – exercise thallium test
24 – cheese
25 – inflammation
26 – keeping LDL high
28 – estrogen
That’s all I have time to answer right now. That was fun!
What do you think? Answer below!